“Roulette” is a French word, which means “little wheel”. That is because the early forms of this casino game really used a small wheel. Roulette is developed by Blaire Pascal, the famous mathematician, as a scientific experiment. He was trying to build a perpetual motion machine and developed the famous shape and mechanics of the roulette wheel in the process. One century later, in 1790, his wheel started to show up in casinos, with numbers and sections added on top of it. As we mentioned above, the wheel was very small back in those days, but the rules were the same. In fact, roulette is probably the only casino game which we still play by the same rules in the 18th century. It gained popularity pretty quickly and entered the US in 1885. As with many casino games, Americans simplified it – they put the wheel on a high table, enlarged the wheel so everyone can easily see and added new bet options, such as “betting on color”. Roulette is still considered as a “simple and fast cash” game in the US, but Europeans see it as a game of style and leisure.
Casino roulette game is played against the “wheel”. A croupier spins the wheel and drops a ball on it as soon as it starts to move. The wheel has 37 (or 38, depending on the type) sections on it and each section is consists of a different number and a color. You can bet on a specific number, a range of numbers, the colors or whether the number will be odd or even. Each bet type has a different payout because of different odds.
When you look at a roulette table for the first time, it may seem very confusing. Actually, it is quite simple. The table is divided into sections, and each section represents a different betting area. At the top, there are roulette numbers from 0 to 36 (or 37). This section is the most important (and awarding) betting area. If you bet on one of these numbers, say 12, you are actually betting on that the ball will stop in the 12th section of the roulette wheel. This betting type is called the “inside bets”. Since the odds are low, inside bets have the biggest payouts (36 to 1).
The rest of the table offers different betting options, which are called “outside bets”. As we mentioned above, you bet on four different areas:
There are other betting types too, such as Street (any three numbers horizontal) and Corner (any four adjoining numbers in a block) but the basic rules and betting systems of the roulette are these.
Roulette is a game that can be played with a strategy and not based on complete luck. Although, roulette strategies are harder to use than the card game strategies, for example.
There are four main types of roulette games and these are: